Zadolžnica je ena izmed trgovskih pogodb, ki določa pogoje zadolžitve. Zaradi njene široke uporabe v času srednjeveške trgovinske revolucije predstavlja pomemben vir za ekonomsko zgodovino Evrope ...tistega časa. Magistrsko delo se posveča vprašanju, kakšna je bila razlika v razvoju in obliki zadolžnice v Dubrovniku in Piranu na prehodu v 14. stoletje. Razjasnjene so okoliščine, ki so vsaj posredno vplivale na obliko in delo notarjev. Iz ohranjenih virov so izbrani reprezentativni primeri zadolžnic, ki so razčlenjeni na posamezne elemente. Tako se pokažejo osnovne formule, ki jih je vključevala vsaka zadolžnica, in druge formule, ki so jih stranke v dogovor vključile po potrebi. Vse formule so analizirane in po mestih primerjane med seboj.
A promissory note is a type of a trade contract that denotes the criteria of a loan. Due to its wide usage during the medieval trade revolution, it is an important source on the European economic history of the time. The present master's thesis is devoted to the question of difference between the types of promissory notes used in the cities of Dubrovnik (Ragusa) and Piran during the passage into the 14th century. It clarifies the circumstances that at least indirectly influenced the work of notaries and, from preserved sources, selects representative examples of promissory notes and analyses their individual sections. Basic formulae included in every promissory note are thus shown alongside any other formulae, which were included in the contract as seen necessary by the parties involved. All formulae are analysed and compared with each other, according to their city of origin.
I have analyzed effects of the economic crisis, which began in the USA, on Northern Iraq under three main titles: First, I studied the economic history of Iraq. Second, I analyzed the effects of it ...in Northern Iraq. Finally, I interviewed entrepreneurs about the effects of crisis on private sectors in this region. I have been in northern Iraq for three years. I have tried to reach original sources, have interviewed people in the government and examinedthe impact of the crisis on the people and government. It was seen that the countryʼs economy, is mostly based on the oil sectors, so we especially highlighted oil production and revenue, which have been affected indirectly from the global crisis.